Surgery is a branch of medicine or dentistry that uses surgical techniques to manipulate or alter a body part, usually with the aim of fixing or repairing an organ or part. The word “surgery” comes from the Greek work “surgai,” meaning “to cut.” Surgery is actually the medical profession that first developed in the Roman Empire more than 2 thousand years ago, and its main purpose was to improve the health and survival of the citizens of ancient times. As technology advanced, surgery became an expanding specialization that gradually encompassed all aspects of medicine.
Because there are so many varieties of surgeries, the precise definition of the term will vary depending on who you ask. Broadly, doctors define surgery when they can remove an organ or tissue with the intention of changing, reconstructing, diagnosing, or repairing a part of the body. If you were asked to define surgery, what might be most important to you might vary from person to person. A board certified obstetrician and gynecologist, for instance, might define surgery as any procedure that is done to help women with reproductive health, such as removing a uterus if necessary. Other doctors might define surgery more narrowly, as a procedure done to repair internal damage caused by some accident or trauma, or to alleviate pain caused by a physical illness.
When you are writing a surgical procedure definition, it is important to make your definition as clear and precise as possible. For example, if you were evaluating a patient with a heart murmur, your definition of surgery might include the open-heart surgery, the modified heart bypass, and the cardiomyopathy. If you were evaluating a patient with a lung tumor, the most common definition might be the pneumonectomy. Similarly, if you were evaluating a patient with a spasticity fracture, the most common definition of the procedure would be the total hip replacement. Because the words “surgery” and “definition” can mean different things to different people, you need to use language that encompasses all possible interpretations of your medical term.
One way to ensure patient safety during surgery is to have clearly defined, standard operating procedures. Your talking points need to be tailored to the kind of procedure involved, as well as the type of equipment used and the types of individuals who will be operating various pieces of equipment. You should include talking points for the physician, nurses, other hospital employees, emergency personnel, and anyone else who might be involved in the surgery.
The definition of surgery is not limited to the word “surgery.” It also includes the word “incision,” “decision,” and “risk.” In addition, it can include the pre-surgical assessment of the patient’s overall condition, as well as the planning for the surgery, the post-surgical care, and the treatment involved after surgery. (In contrast, many surgeons fail to adequately explain the risks of particular surgeries, even when they happen to involve the same operation.)
When you’re preparing for a bill number for a surgery, you should take time to research medical professionals performing the operation. You can contact the physician, medical board, or another medical professional involved in the surgery to find out exactly what the pre-authorization process requires, as well as the requirements of the certification process. A good definition will not only provide you with helpful information about what happens during surgery, but it will help you understand what you’re paying for when you have medical bills following a surgical procedure. With this definition, you’ll know whether you’re prepared for the bill and whether you understand what your insurance covers when you have a surgery.