Surgery is a medical or surgical specialty which employs specialized surgical techniques to treat or investigate a physiological disorder such as an injury or infection, to assist in improving physical function, appearance, or repair of structural damage. It involves the manipulation of the body tissue to alter it from an anatomical state (i.e. organ system) into a particular (i.e. physical structure) in order to meet specific functional requirements.
Many people often wonder if they actually need surgery and if it will do what they claim it will. Surgery has often been used as a form of remedy when there is something that patients cannot do through conventional means and they have opted for a procedure to treat their ailment. While many people assume surgery involves the removal of tissue, it does not necessarily require invasive methods; however, many people will still undergo some form of surgery. When a patient undergoes surgery, there are typically two ways they can go: either they can have a procedure that is not invasive, such as liposuction, breast augmentation, and tummy tucks, or they can have a procedure that will be invasive, such as sclerotherapy, endoscopy, and chemotherapy.
Types of Surgery Common surgical terms include preop, postop, and postoperative. Preop simply refers to the time before surgery. During this time, you are preparing for surgery by washing your hands and making sure they are clean. Postop is the next step, after your surgery. It consists of recovery and healing process. Both of these steps can take a long period of time, so you need to plan for both ahead of time to prevent any complications.
Advanced Surgical Procedures has become more popular over the years. The most popular is bariatric surgery, which reduces the amount of food a person can eat and the amount of calories that they can burn throughout the day. Bariatric surgery also helps a patient lose weight, which can increase the amount of time it takes for them to reach their ideal weight. The most common type of bariatric surgery is an adjustable gastric band. A band is placed around your stomach, tightening it up and making it easier for you to eat less.
What to expect in the Operating Room Once the doctor puts you under and puts you to sleep, then comes the very important part of the surgery: the operation. The operation normally takes around two to three hours, although it may vary depending on what type of procedure you have. Some of the common surgeries performed during the operating room procedure are the staples and banding. When you wake up after the surgery, you will be given pain medication and sent home. The doctor will ask you to come back a few hours later to assess how you are doing and check on your progress.
After the operation, you will have someone drive you home and let you rest. You may need to stay at the hospital for a day or two. After a day or so, you will be able to go home and talk to your family about your procedure and any questions you have about what to expect in the days and months to come.