Dental science is the branch of medical science that includes the study of the entire dental structure, focusing mainly on the teeth, jaws and allied organs of the body. Dentistry, also called dental physics and dental pathology, is a branch of dentistry that mainly includes the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases, disorders, and problems of the oral cavity, teeth and allied structures. Dental science deals with the study of the skeletal, jaw, and dental structures, with a special emphasis on their practical application in the field of dentistry. A dentist must be a graduate of a dental college that is affiliated with some universities or colleges in a country. A person wishing to pursue a career in dentistry needs to undergo a two-year post-high school training program, after which at least one year of specialized study is required, mostly consisting of either full time or part time studies.
Oral surgeons are experts at treating and diagnosing the various diseases of the maxillofacial region. They perform dental operations like dental implant surgery, periodontics surgery, wisdom tooth surgery and gum surgery. These surgeons perform surgery by using the surgical instruments namely dental handpieces and surgical scissors. On the other hand, pediatric dentists are experts at treating children and their respective parents. They diagnose and treat dental conditions in children such as birth defects, congenital abnormalities, malformations, growth problems, and dental plaque.
A pediatric dentist performs pediatric dental procedures like birth defects diagnosis, pediatric endodontics, jaw positioning, temporomandibular joint problems, head trauma, dental phobia, facial injuries, enamel damage, earaches, ear infections, cold sores and teeth erosion. These dentists also deal with various complications arising from teeth erosion. They remove impacted tooth and replace them with dental implants. A pediatric dentist might also prescribe medications to reduce the pain caused due to dental implants. Some of these medications include pain killers, anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids and antibiotics.
Besides treating dental conditions, dentists also help patients improve dental quality by providing artificial teeth, bridges and dentures. Artificial teeth, especially fabricated within the last 40 years, are now remarkably resistant to decay, heat and grime. In the same way, dentures help restore function and aesthetic appearance of a missing tooth through variable bridges like fixed bridges, porcelain laminate bridges and removable bridges. However, one of the most common ways of improving dental quality is by providing custom-made dentures for those who have lost all their teeth.
Dental hygiene and regular check-ups go hand in hand. Regular check-ups ensure that your gums and teeth stay healthy and clean. By brushing your teeth twice daily, you help wash away bacteria that might otherwise lead to mouth infections. It also helps prevent tooth decay. If you are suffering from any type of oral cancer or heart disease, your dentist can recommend appropriate treatment which can help you recover from oral cancer and prevent it from coming back.
Dental implants are an ideal treatment option if you need to replace damaged, broken or diseased teeth. Oral implants help restore function and appearance of a missing tooth by replacing a tooth’s missing tooth or several teeth. The cost of dental implants depends on several factors such as the number of missing teeth and the bone mass of the patient. Some people can get the treatment done for free but you may have to pay for some minor medical procedures and may be required to pay for overnight stays in the hospital.