Surgery is a broad medical or dental discipline which makes use of specific operative techniques on an individual to investigate or remedy a physical abnormality like an injury or disease, to improve physical function, appearance or to repair problematic ruptured regions. Surgery has been used since time immemorial. It is the oldest form of medicine and science. It is still considered an indispensable part of health care in most parts of the world.
In general, surgery is the surgical treatment of diseases and injuries, the removal of a part of the body, for one or more purposes. For example, a heart transplant is a surgery whereas a simple tooth extraction is a preop procedure. Preoperative or anesthesia is the key word in this regard. Anesthesia or sedation may be administered either before or during the surgery.
The first phase begins when the patient is admitted to the operating room. The patient is in a state of conscious alert and relaxation. During this phase, the surgeon prepares the equipment required in the surgery, places the incision and prepares the tools required for performing the procedure. He also checks the status of the patient and informs him about the procedure that he is planning to perform.
Next, the surgeon informs the concerned individual of the details of the surgery and its consequences. The individual is told that he needs help and can continue with his routine life activities only for a short period. The purpose of this is to keep the patient alert. Only a small period of time is consumed by the preop crew.
Once the patient is stable and is able to move, the next stage is Thoracic Surgery. The patient is placed under general anesthesia and the Thoracic Commission is formed to oversee the operations. All the surgeons are fully trained and experienced surgeons. They use the most sophisticated equipment and highly qualified medical staff to perform all procedures.
When the surgery is completed, the patient is discharged home. It is common for him to remain in the hospital for a day or two and then resume normal activities. This is because the complications associated with the surgery, especially the injuries and damages to the tissue, require time for recovery. Since the reconstructive surgeons have trained in all aspects of reconstructive surgery procedures performed, they are well equipped to attend to the various emergencies that may arise during the course of the treatment.