Surgery is a branch of medicine or dentistry that employs specific surgical technique or medical principle to address or repair a disorder like an injury or a disease, to improve bodily function, visual appearance, or to correct unwanted structural damages. Surgery is done by a group of specialized doctors known as the surgeons who use different tools to perform the operation, starting with a general idea of the goal. The surgery aims at improving the quality of life by repairing or changing something physical or surgically. It is the branch of medicine that has come up with some of the most cutting edge advancements in medicine.
There are different types of surgery available and these include open and minimally invasive. Open surgery involves surgery for an open surgery on the organ or tissue being treated. Usually it requires general anesthesia to be administered to the patient. In this type of surgery, the surgeon removes tissues from the particular organ or area being operated upon without affecting the normal functioning of the organ or tissue. These operations are generally done on an outpatient basis.
Minimally invasive surgery is another branch of medicine that is very popular these days. This type of surgery makes use of minimal invasive procedures and equipment to perform the surgical procedure. Unlike open surgery, minimally invasive surgery does not require general anesthesia to be administered to the patient. It is performed in an out-patient facility and the patient can make use of a wheelchair if he/she is comfortable enough to do so. The procedure can be performed as an outpatient and usually requires a shorter time for recovery.
Hip and knee replacements are also one of the most popular surgeries. Hip replacements are one of the most commonly performed surgeries among elderly people. However, there are some conditions that make it difficult to carry out the surgery on an elderly person like those with severe hernia. In such cases, minimally invasive procedures are used. Patients who have undergone hip replacement surgery can resume their normal activities after a day or two. However, the rehabilitation period can be a bit long depending on how fast the body heals after the operation.
Cosmetic surgery is yet another popular option for patients seeking to undergo surgical procedures. Due to the high demand for aesthetic surgeries, the number of cosmetic surgeons is also on the rise. While cosmetic surgery is performed in an operating room under local or general anesthesia, many states have taken action to legally allow nonsurgical cosmetic procedures to be performed in board-certified dermatologists’ offices. These surgeons are now permitted by the state to perform the same level of surgical procedures as the previously stated. In addition, many cosmetic surgeons are using more advanced non-surgical procedures to enhance the aesthetic appearance of their patients.
There are many more types of surgical treatments available today than in the past. Most of the minimally invasive surgical treatment procedures mentioned above use cutting edge technology to reconstruct, repair, and improve the appearance of a patient’s body. Cosmetic and Vascular surgeons all use these cutting edge technologies to provide their patients with the most beautiful results possible. As new technology emerges, more cosmetic surgeons will take advantage of the available state-of-the-art minimally invasive surgical treatment procedures.